LVIII GHAZAN KHAN 195 World Conqueror he fled to Egypt and spent the rest of his life in seeking to regain and hold his dominions. In A.H. 813 (1410) he had recovered Baghdad, but when invading Azerbaijan he was defeated by the Kara Kuyunlu, who succeeded this undistinguished dynasty. The Muzaffarids, A.H. 713-795 (I3I3-*393)-—The founder of the Southern Persian dynasty was a certain Amir Muzaffar, who was appointed Governor of Maybud, a small town to the north-west of Yezd. His son in A.H. 713 (1313) was appointed Governor of Yezd and Fars by Abu Said, and so increased his influence by marrying Kutlugh Turkan, the only daughter of Shah Jahan of the Kutlugh Khans of Kerman, that in A.H. 741 (1340) he obtained possession of that province. In A.H. 754 (1353), after a series of campaigns fought with Abu Ishak, Inju, he annexed Fars, and three years later Isfahan. Finding the conditions favourable, this successful warrior led his army to Tabriz, but wheja he was apparently at the zenith of his fame his sons conspired against him and blinded him. His successors quarrelled among themselves and merit little notice, except that Shah Shuja is known to fame as the patron of Hafiz. Sultan Ahmad, the Imad-u-Din, is well known at Kerman as the founder of the Pa Minar mosque. In his honour, too, was carved the beautiful stone pulpit which I discovered at Kala-i-Sang, the old capital of the province. The family submitted to Tamerlane, but rebelled, and in a desperate charge Shah Mansur nearly succeeded in killing the Great Conqueror himself, as wiU be seen in the following chapter. On this account the dynasty was exterminated.1 The Karts of Herat., A.H. 643-791 (1245-1389).—To complete the survey of petty dynasties mention must be made of the Kart race of Ghor, which held Herat under the Mongols from the middle of the thirteenth century of our ,era. As mentioned above, Fakhr-u-Din gained the favour of Ghazan by handing over Noruz, and the dynasty, partly owing to the possession of an inaccessible fort, maintained itself until a few years after the conquest of Herat by Timur in A.H. 783 (1381). 1 This dynasty is dealt with at greater length in Ten Thousand Miles, etc., p. 63.